The broad language in investment agreements has allowed investor-state dispute settlement tribunals to scrutinize tax measures adopted by States, and determine that such measures resulted in a breach of State’s obligations under the agreement.
The Permanent Court of Arbitration has announced a partial arbitration decision in favor of PrivatBank and against Russia. The question of the amount of compensation is left for the next stage of the arbitration proceedings.
Ukraine’s Oschadbank has been awarded $1.3 billion by an international arbitration court in respect of the bank’s claims against Russia to compensate for loss of business and assets in Crimea following Moscow’s annexation of the peninsula in 2014.
Los demandantes iniciaron el arbitraje del CIADI contra España, alegando violaciones del Tratado sobre la Carta de la Energía, incluidas el trato justo y equitativo, la cláusula paraguas y de no perjuicio.
Les demandeurs ont entamé un arbitrage CIRDI contre l’Espagne, invoquant des violations du Traité sur la charte de l’énergie, notamment les clauses de traitement juste et équitable, de parapluie et de non-entrave.
The hard work of protecting water and land from the long-term harms associated with gold and silver mining takes place daily on the frontlines of tenacious struggles throughout Latin America and around the world.