Pacífico

Los Estados del Pacifico han firmado cerca de 65 acuerdos de inversión y comercio, 40 de los cuales es Australia la que los concretó.

La mayor parte de los arreglos de comercio de Australia especifican arbitrajes entre inversionistas y Estados del tipo ISDS, incluyendo aquellos con China (como en el ChAFTA, que está en su etapa final de ratificación), India, Corea, México o Turquía.
Tras una disputa con Philip Morris por una ley anti-tabaco, Australia alegó que se restringiría de involucrarse en nuevos acuerdos de inversión que implicaran ISDS.

Sin embargo Australia firmó el ChAFTA y la ATP cuyo capitulo filtrado ha revelado que la inclusión de un mecanismo ISDS conducirá a un socavamiento de la salud pública, el ambiente y otras “salvaguardas” de interés público.

El caso de Philip Morris vs. Australia es el más conocido hasta la fecha. Cuando Australia voto la ley anti-tabaco, forzando a las tabacaleras a utilizar un empaques simples, la compañía estadounidense Philip Morris inició una disputa bajo las previsiones ISDS a través de su subsidiaria con sede en Hong Kong. Invocó el TBI entre Australia y Hong Kong debido a que no había previsiones ISDS en el TBI de Australia con EUA. El caso fue sobreseído, por razones de procedimiento. Más de 35 millones de dólares de los contribuyentes se habrían convertido en humo, tan sólo en gastos legales.

El Pacífico es la región más sometida a demandas. Solamente los inversionistas australianos han iniciado disputas en dos ocasiones registradas.

(enero de 2016)

| 8-abr-2014
So straightforward was Australia’s first trade deal with Japan that the Japanese thought it was a trick.
| 6-abr-2014
Japanese companies would be able to sue Australian governments under clauses expected to be included in the Australia-Japan free trade agreement.
Alliance News | 25-feb-2014
The thermal coal producer said the International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes rejected Indonesia’s jurisdictional challenges and it can now pursue claims for damages under the respective Bilateral Investment Treaties Indonesia entered into with the United Kingdom and Australia.
Lexology | 25-feb-2014
The text of the Korea-Australia Free Trade Agreement (KAFTA) was released on 17 February 2014, following the conclusion of negotiations on 5 December 2013.
Farm Weekly | 24-feb-2014
The Korea-Australia Free Trade Agreement (KAFTA) opens up the potential for Korean-domiciled corporations to sue Australian governments - federal, State and local - over decisions that a company believes to have unfairly affected investments they have made in Australia.
The Australian | 17-ene-2014
An American investor plans to invoke the US-Australia Free Trade Agreement to prevent the NSW government cancelling a coal exploration licence that the Independent Commission Against Corruption said is tainted by corruption and should be expunged.
Inside Story | 13-ene-2014
Australia’s clash with Philip Morris over plain packaging has disrupted trade talks between the United States and Europe, reports James Panichi in Brussels
New Zealand Government | 26-mar-2013
There is a risk that tobacco companies will try and mount legal challenges against any legislation, as we have seen in Australia. The Government will wait and see what happens with Australia’s legal cases, making it a possibility that if necessary, enactment of New Zealand legislation and/or regulations could be delayed pending those outcomes.
| 18-feb-2013
Lawsuits are seen as the inevitable next step if plain packaging of cigarettes is brought in. The government will announce a decision on the matter in the next few days.
| 5-feb-2013
Earlier last month, a three-member bench of the Supreme Court headed by Chief Justice Iftikhar Chaudhry declared null and void the Reko Diq gold and copper mine agreement, the Chagai Hills Exploration Joint Venture Agreement (CHEJVA), with Tethyan Copper Company (TCC).

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