L’Accord de Partenariat transpacifique global et progressiste (CPTPP ou TPP en abrégé, selon les acronymes anglais) est un accord de commerce et d’investissement qui a été signé le 7 mars 2018 entre 11 pays de la région du Pacifique : Australie, Brunei, Canada, Chili, Japon, Malaisie, Mexique, Nouvelle-Zélande, Pérou, Singapour et Vietnam. Le pacte est entré en vigueur le 30 décembre 2018 parmi les membres qui l’ont ratifié. Les États-Unis s’en sont retirés en janvier 2017.

Le chapitre sur l’investissement comprend des dispositions relatives au règlement des différends entre investisseurs et États (ISDS). Des groupes de la société civile ont fortement critiqué ce mécanisme, car il donne à un investisseur ou à une entreprise étrangère des pouvoirs disproportionnés par rapport aux gouvernements ou aux entreprises nationales. Les investisseurs étrangers peuvent recourir à un système judiciaire parallèle spécialement conçu pour eux afin de contester la santé publique, l’environnement et d’autres "garanties" d’intérêt public, et contourner les tribunaux nationaux.

(mars 2020)

ABC | 14-sep-2014
A common provision allowing foreign investors to sue host governments has become a ticking time bomb inside trade agreements. Some countries are now refusing to agree to the provision and are questioning its legal legitimacy. Jess Hill investigates.
| 6-mar-2014
For a variety of reasons, including poor management of public perceptions, the administration’s trade agenda is in trouble. Much of the public’s antipathy toward trade agreements can be boiled down to concerns about the so-called Investor-State Dispute Settlement (ISDS) provision. ISDS enables foreign investors to circumvent domestic legal processes and sue host governments in third-party arbitration tribunals for unfair or discriminatory treatment – described hyperbolically by those fanning the flames of opposition as “running roughshod over domestic laws, regulations, and sovereignty.”
SSRN | 20-fév-2014
Although some IIAs have generated a few disputes for technical reasons, it is rather predictable that Asian states are currently entering an era in which foreign investors are likely to multiply claims.
| 25-aoû-2013
Fast-moving trade talks aimed at reaching an ambitious Trans-Pacific Partnership trade deal have hit a major snag over anti-smoking policies, as divisions emerged over a proposal critics say would expose governments to lawsuits from tobacco companies.
| 3-aoû-2013
We are told that when trade is free, there will be more trade and nations will prosper. To achieve even freer trade the nations of the world must enter into free trade agreements.
| 31-jui-2013
Malaysia’s Parti Keadilan Rakyat VP Nurul Izzah Anwar has accused the Ministry of International Trade and Industry of bowing down to pressure when it agreed to clauses on investor-state dispute settlement in negotiations for the Trans Pacific Partnership (TPP) agreement.
| 20-mai-2013
Consumers International (CI) has commissioned the production of three papers, the first on the competition chapter by one of our members, and the other two by independent experts, respectively covering the investment chapter and how it affects A2K, and the free flow of information provision and its impacts on privacy.
AJE | 8-déc-2012
Al Jazeera ask if the Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement negotiations have rendered democratic decision-making irrelevant.
| 11-sep-2012
Delegates attending trans-Pacific free-trade negotiations in the United States are being warned their countries could end up like Australia if they agree to allow corporations to sue governments in international courts.
| 21-mai-2012
Smoking is bad for our health. Smoking is detrimental to our economic well-being - smoking-related conditions and diseases cost the health service in this country millions and millions of dollars each year. But moves to reduce or stop smoking in this country could cost us just as much if not more.

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