Pacífico

Los Estados del Pacifico han firmado cerca de 72 acuerdos de inversión y comercio, 39 de los cuales fue Australia la que los concretó.

La mayor parte de los arreglos de comercio de Australia especifican arbitrajes entre inversionistas y Estados ISDS, incluyendo aquellos con China (como en el ChAFTA, que está en su etapa final de ratificación), India, Corea, México o Turquía.

Tras una disputa con Philip Morris por una ley anti-tabaco, Australia alegó que se restringiría de involucrarse en nuevos acuerdos de inversión que implicaran ISDS. Sin embargo Australia firmó el ChAFTA, el TLC con Indonesia, el TLC con Hong Kong y la ATP incluye un mecanismo ISDS.

El caso de Philip Morris vs. Australia es el más conocido hasta la fecha. Cuando Australia votó la ley anti-tabaco, forzando a las tabacaleras a utilizar un empaques simples, la compañía estadounidense Philip Morris inició una disputa bajo las previsiones ISDS a través de su subsidiaria con sede en Hong Kong. Invocó el TBI entre Australia y Hong Kong debido a que no había mecanismos ISDS en el TBI de Australia con EUA. En diciembre de 2015, el tribunal declaró el caso sobreseído, por razones de procedimiento. Más de 39 millones de dólares de los contribuyentes se habrían convertido en humo, tan sólo en gastos legales. Pero Philip Morris pago sólo la mitad, dejando que los contribuyentes australianos pagaran el resto.

El Pacífico es la región más sometida a demandas. Solamente los inversionistas australianos han iniciado disputas en dos ocasiones registradas, dos de ellas con el Tratado de Carta de la Energía.

(abril de 2020)

The Conversation | 23-abr-2020
Global companies are positioning themselves to use little-known rules in trade agreements to claim millions of dollars in compensation for restrictions imposed during the pandemic.
APHR | 10-mar-2020
As ministers of the member countries of the RCEP meet for final negotiations over the trade agreement this week, regional lawmakers today expressed concern about the lack of parliamentary and public oversight of the deal, as well as its potential human rights impacts.
Mining Technology | 20-ene-2020
Australian mining company Indiana Resources has become the second company in a week to declare a dispute with the Tanzanian government over repossessed retention licences.
Scoop Politics | 6-nov-2019
The CTU is concerned that the "upgrade" of the New Zealand-China Free Trade Agreement has not removed the threat of investor suits against the New Zealand government.
Sydney Criminal Lawyers | 30-oct-2019
Interview with AFTINET convenor Dr Patricia Ranald about how the ISDS regime developed, the reasons why these mechanisms are so detrimental, and the impact the TPP-11 agreement could have on Australia.
AFTINET | 21-oct-2019
Organisations representing millions of Australians wrote to Labor MPs last week asking them to implement their policies against harmful proposals including special rights for foreign investors to sue governments for millions over domestic laws.
Corrs Chambers Westgarth | 14-ago-2019
The New York Convention is regarded as the most influential treaty in the area of international trade and international commercial arbitration.
Scoop Politics | 31-jul-2019
There is a high risk that New Zealand would still allow the investor to sue New Zealand in this expensive and discredited system of international investment arbitration
The Age | 22-jul-2019
Australian company planned was to mine tantulum, but seventeen years later, the company is suing the Egyptian government for potentially hundreds of millions of dollars after the military regime blocked plans.
Bangkok Post | 12-jun-2019
Australian gold mining firm Kingsgate Consolidated is seeking negotiations with the new Thai government over the case in which it was ordered to cease mining operations in Phichit two years ago.

0 | 10 | 20 | 30 | 40 | 50 | 60 | 70 | 80 | ... | 170