Latin America

Latin America countries have signed over 650 trade agreements. They have been the most targeted by investor-state disputes (ISDS). About 35% of all ICSID arbitration cases have involved a Latin American state.

Argentina itself has faced almost 60 ISDS disputes, about 9% of all cases, making it the most targeted state globally. Venezuela, Mexico and Ecuador have been among the ten most frequent respondents in the world.

Well-known cases such as Chevron vs. Ecuador or Pac Rim vs. El Salvador have originated in significant environmental damages caused by corporations. Philip Morris is currently suing Uruguay over its anti-tobacco law.

Besides, Chile, Mexico and Peru are party to the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) with nine other Pacific Rim states. Its investment chapter has revealed the inclusion of ISDS provisions that would undermine public health, the environment and other public-interest ‘safeguards’.

The most well-known cases include:

• Chevron (US) vs. Ecuador: in 2013, an arbitration court ordered Ecuador to pay Chevron US$106 for breach of contract (Ecuador-United States BIT invoked). Meanwhile in a separate case, Ecuador’s highest court fined the oil giant US$9.5 billion for dumping billions of gallons of toxic waste into the rainforest. Both cases are unresolved.

Occidental Petroleum Corporation “Oxy” (US) vs. Ecuador: in 2012 Ecuador was ordered to pay US$1.77 billion to the investor, an oil exploration and production company, for breach of contract. Sentence was reduced to US$1 billion in November 2015 (Ecuador-United States BIT invoked).

• National Grid PLC (United Kingdom) vs. Argentina: about US$50 million awarded in 2008 to the investor, a multinational electricity and gas utility company (Argentine-United Kingdom BIT invoked).

(October 2015)

Entorno Inteligente | 18-Aug-2017
La estatal Petróleos de Venezuela (Pdvsa) informó que actuará para proteger sus activos en Estados Unidos, tras la solicitud de embargo que hizo la minera canadiense Crystallex ante una corte de ese país por una disputa que arrastran ambas empresas desde hace años.
Lexology | 16-Aug-2017
In the last few months, the long-lasting dispute between Mr Pey Casado and the Foundation Presidente Allende and the Republic of Chile has seen numerous developments.
Latin America Herald Tribune | 15-Aug-2017
Crystallex — owed $1.4 billion for the expropriation of its Venezuela mining subsidiary — has moved U.S. Federal Court in Delaware to seize Petroleos de Venezuela Holding, the parent company of PDVSA’s American unit Citgo Holding.
La República | 9-Aug-2017
El representante de Odebrecht en Perú, Mauricio Cruz, advirtió que la constructora recurrirá a un arbitraje internacional si se pospone la venta de sus acciones en el proyecto Gasoducto Sur Peruano que, en su opinión, debe concretarse en enero de 2018.
Eje Central | 8-Aug-2017
Cortes para proteger inversiones se han corrompido hasta convertirse en fábricas de dinero.
CIAR Global | 2-Aug-2017
Las españolas Consorcio Andino SL y Valores Mundiales SL, subsidiarias de Gruma, líder en producción de harinas y derivados de maíz de México, han ganado un arbitraje contra Venezuela por una expropiación en 2010 que afectó a las inversiones de ambas compañías
Entorno Inteligente | 1-Aug-2017
El Ciadi estableció que el Estado venezolano deberá cancelar 489,9 millones de dólares a las subsidiarias españolas de Gruma, Valores Mundiales y Consorcio Andino como indemnización por expropiaciones en 2010.
American Lawyer | 1-Aug-2017
Litigation funder Burford Capital stands to take home roughly $140 million from a $324 million recovery against the government of Argentina.
Intercontinental Cry | 27-Jul-2017
This past month, eighteen Aymara community leaders endured the final stages of a trial that had them facing up to 28 years in prison and massive fines for their alleged roles in the 2011 ‘Aymarazo’ protests against the Santa Ana silver mine on the Peru-Bolivia border.
Entorno Inteligente | 26-Jul-2017
El fondo inversor Burford Capital Limited , que la semana pasada le ganó un juicio a la Argentina ante el Ciadi por la estatización de Aerolíneas, reconoció que esa decisión no significa necesariamente que el monto de u$s 320 millones será realmente pagado en su totalidad

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