North America

Canada and the United States have signed over 170 international investment agreements. The largest of these include the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) with Mexico and the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) with ten other Pacific Rim states, currently in the process of being ratified.

The US is also party to the Dominican Republic–Central America Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA) and is negotiating the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) with the European Union.

Canada has signed the Foreign Investment Promotion and Protection Agreement (FIPA) with China and the Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA) with the European Union, the latter one yet to be ratified.

US investors have extensively used the investor-state dispute settlement (ISDS) provisions of these treaties. They have initiated around 130 disputes, over 20% of all known cases, making it the most frequent home state of the investor. The US has never lost an ISDS litigation.

On the other hand Canadian investors have initiated about 35 disputes and Canada has been the second most frequent target among developed states (5th globally).

(October 2015)

Newburgh Gazette | 23-Jun-2017
Chevron is victorious after the Supreme Court declined to hear a case made against the company by a NY lawyer representing Ecuadorian villagers.
National Law Review | 23-Jun-2017
Venezuela is taking its fight over a $1.4 billion arbitral award to the District of Columbia’s federal court of appeals.
ISDS Blog | 21-Jun-2017
It is still unclear what the withdrawal from the global climate deal really means, but some lawyers are already saying that the decision might lead to international arbitration claims against the US.
Entorno Inteligente | 19-Jun-2017
La empresa minera canadiense Gold Reserve dijo que Venezuela le pagó $40 millones de dólares y que, en los próximos dos años, cancelará el resto de su deuda de aproximadamente que suman 1.032 millones de dólares.
Latin America Herald Tribune | 19-Jun-2017
Gold Reserve Inc. reports that it has received a $40 million payment on its $800 million judgment that it won at the World Bank’s International Center for the Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID) in 2014.
Council of Canadians | 13-Jun-2017
The Norwegian government has put a pause on ’free trade’ talks given the Trudeau government’s demand for an investor-state dispute settlement (ISDS) provision in the Canada-European Free Trade Association (EFTA) agreement.
No al TTIP | 13-Jun-2017
El Acuerdo Económico y Comercial Global de la Unión Europea con Canadá, más conocido como CETA, se nos ha presentado como un pacto entre países amigos para facilitar el libre comercio y las inversiones, pero esconde perversas intenciones entre sus mil seiscientas páginas de texto.
RTBF | 6-Jun-2017
Le conseil des ministres belge a approuvé l’avant-projet de loi portant assentiment à l’accord économique et commercial global entre l’Union européenne et le Canada. Le texte devra recevoir le feu vert de la Chambre.
Global Trade Mag | 30-May-2017
One of the most overlooked aspects of NAFTA is the Investor-State Dispute Settlement.
European Law Blog | 22-May-2017
The Court’s Opinion has consequences for future EU trade deals such as CETA and potentially a future UK-EU FTA.

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