North America

Canada and the United States have signed over 170 international investment agreements. The largest of these include the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) with Mexico and the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) with ten other Pacific Rim states, currently in the process of being ratified.

The US is also party to the Dominican Republic–Central America Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA) and is negotiating the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) with the European Union.

Canada has signed the Foreign Investment Promotion and Protection Agreement (FIPA) with China and the Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA) with the European Union, the latter one yet to be ratified.

US investors have extensively used the investor-state dispute settlement (ISDS) provisions of these treaties. They have initiated around 130 disputes, over 20% of all known cases, making it the most frequent home state of the investor. The US has never lost an ISDS litigation.

On the other hand Canadian investors have initiated about 35 disputes and Canada has been the second most frequent target among developed states (5th globally).

(October 2015)

Bloomberg | 15-Mar-2019
Venezuela’s opposition leader and self-proclaimed president Juan Guaido plans to appeal a $8.75 billion award issued to ConocoPhillips by the World Bank’s arbitration tribunal last week.
Proactiveinvestors | 12-Mar-2019
The company said illegal blockades have prevented access to the Amulsar gold project since late June 2018.
Reuters | 9-Mar-2019
Venezuela must pay ConocoPhillips more than $8 billion to compensate for the 2007 expropriation of oil assets by the country’s late socialist leader Hugo Chavez, the World Bank ruled.
Le Figaro | 9-Mar-2019
Le Venezuela doit rembourser quelque 8,7 milliards de dollars au géant pétrolier américain ConocoPhillips en guise de compensation pour son expropriation en juin 2007, a jugé un panel d’arbitrage de la Banque mondiale.
CNCD-11.11.11 | 8-Mar-2019
“Vous pourrez réglementer mais parfois vous devrez payer”. avait prononcé un représentant du gouvernement canadien concernant le CETA.
Medias24 | 5-Mar-2019
L’arbitrage Carlyle vs Maroc sera présidé par un nom connu de la finance. Le tribunal arbitral est désormais constitué et l’instance réputée engagée. Carlyle réclame au Maroc une somme qu’elle réclame aussi à la Samir et à ses assureurs.
Alternatives Economiques | 4-Mar-2019
Les victimes de la pollution pétrolière ont obtenu gain de cause contre Chevron devant la justice de leur pays, mais la décision a été annulée par la Cour d’arbitrage de La Haye.
Perfil | 28-Feb-2019
El abogado de la resistencia contra una mina de capital estadounidense-canadiense observó que es una “total irresponsabilidad” del ministro de Economía buscar un “arreglo” con la entidad extractora que demandó al país por la suspensión de sus operaciones.
Dismantle Corporate Power and Stop Impunity | 27-Feb-2019
In February of 2011 the Ecuadorian Courts delivered an historic verdict, sentencing the Big Oil Corporation Chevron to pay US$9,500 million dollars for its contamination of the Ecuadorian Amazon (1964-1992). However, Chevron hit back via the Investor-State Dispute Settlement system and sued Ecuador.
Dismantle Corporate Power and Stop Impunity | 27-Feb-2019
En Febrero de 2011 la Justicia ecuatoriana emitió un histórico fallo sentenciando a la Corporación petrolera Chevron a pagar 9,500 millones de dólares por contaminar la Amazonía Ecuatoriana. Sin embargo, Chevron recurrió al sistema de arbitraje de diferencias Inversor-Estado y demandó al Ecuador.

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