North America

Canada and the United States have signed over 170 international investment agreements. The largest of these include the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) with Mexico and the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) with ten other Pacific Rim states, currently in the process of being ratified.

The US is also party to the Dominican Republic–Central America Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA) and is negotiating the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) with the European Union.

Canada has signed the Foreign Investment Promotion and Protection Agreement (FIPA) with China and the Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA) with the European Union, the latter one yet to be ratified.

US investors have extensively used the investor-state dispute settlement (ISDS) provisions of these treaties. They have initiated around 130 disputes, over 20% of all known cases, making it the most frequent home state of the investor. The US has never lost an ISDS litigation.

On the other hand Canadian investors have initiated about 35 disputes and Canada has been the second most frequent target among developed states (5th globally).

(October 2015)

Junior Mining Network | 19-Sep-2017
Tribunal hearing the Bear Creek Mining’s Santa Ana ICSID arbitration claim has officially closed proceedings in the case.
No al TTIP | 18-Sep-2017
Los polémicos mecanismos de arbitraje ante los que las empresas pueden demandar a estados aún no entrarán en funcionamiento. Bruselas redobla esfuerzos a nivel comunicativo para vender las bondades del tratado de libre comercio con Canadá, y omite los aspectos más peligrosos del acuerdo.
The Globe and Mail | 14-Sep-2017
The goal of Foreign Affairs Minister Chrystia Freeland is to revamp Chapter 11 so it more closely mirrors the investor-state dispute-resolution mechanism that forms part of the 2016 Canada-European Union trade deal.
Público | 12-Sep-2017
Un organismo dependiente de la ONU sitúa a España como el tercer país más demandando por multinacionales inversoras, con 36 casos conocidos. El dato llega la misma semana en la que se conocen las nuevas trabas de Bélgica al polémico acuerdo comercial con Canadá, que recurre a un mecanismo de arbitraje muy similar a los que estudia este órgano.
Forbes India | 12-Sep-2017
The first ever final award on patents in international investment arbitration by ICSID in the case of Eli Lilly v. Canada has effectively cleared the way for raising future disputes by foreign IPR owners against domestic institutions which can result in stronger and robust IP protection regime.
Slovak Spectator | 11-Sep-2017
But the complainant has not had his last word.
CNCD-11.11.11 | 10-Sep-2017
« La saisine permettra de clarifier la légalité de la clause d’arbitrage qui concerne non seulement le CETA, mais également le JEFTA avec le Japon et le VEFTA avec le Vietnam » explique Michel Cermak, chargé de recherche au CNCD-11.11.11
Undercurrent News | 7-Sep-2017
Poland is looking to block part of the Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (Ceta) between the EU and Canada, over concerns for a planned mechanism for resolving disputes.
Belga | 6-Sep-2017
La Belgique demandera l’avis de la Cours européenne sur la compatibilité du "Système juridictionnel des investissements" du CETA avec les traités européens
FOEE | 6-Sep-2017
Belgium has requested an opinion from the European Court of Justice on the ’Investment Court System’ included in the EU-Canada trade deal, to determine if the ICS is compatible with the European Treaties

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