North America

Canada and the United States have signed over 170 international investment agreements. The largest of these include the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) with Mexico and the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) with ten other Pacific Rim states, currently in the process of being ratified.

The US is also party to the Dominican Republic–Central America Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA) and is negotiating the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) with the European Union.

Canada has signed the Foreign Investment Promotion and Protection Agreement (FIPA) with China and the Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA) with the European Union, the latter one yet to be ratified.

US investors have extensively used the investor-state dispute settlement (ISDS) provisions of these treaties. They have initiated around 130 disputes, over 20% of all known cases, making it the most frequent home state of the investor. The US has never lost an ISDS litigation.

On the other hand Canadian investors have initiated about 35 disputes and Canada has been the second most frequent target among developed states (5th globally).

(October 2015)

AFL-CIO | 18-Jul-2018
Those with the means to become international wheeler-dealers can access ISDS. The rest of us have to rely on public courts—the same ones that investors say are “inadequate” to handle their needs. That’s not fair, and that’s not right.
The East African | 16-Jul-2018
Rwanda faces an international arbitration suit filed by two American firms contesting the cancellation of their mining concession.
Korea Herald | 13-Jul-2018
US-based hedge fund Elliott Associates has officially filed for an investor-state dispute settlement against the South Korean government seeking $770 million in compensation for the merger between two Samsung Group affiliates.
Le Point | 13-Jul-2018
Le fonds d’investissement américain Elliott Associates a saisi une instance internationale au sujet de la fusion controversée de deux filiales du géant Samsung pour réclamer à la Corée du Sud près de 800 millions de dollars de dommages et intérêts.
Acción Ecológica | 12-Jul-2018
El arbitraje es una suerte de globalización y privatización del sistema judicial, en el que la empresa transnacional dicta las normas. Es parte también de la estrategia de debilitar la soberanía jurídica de los estados del Sur.
CIAR Global | 6-Jul-2018
El 2 de julio de 2018, el Ciadi, registró la demanda de arbitraje de la minera canadiense Gran Colombia Gold contra Colombia en la que reclama 700 millones de dólares relacionada con la cesión de un título minero a las comunidades locales para explotar la minería a cielo abierto, tras una pugna de más de una década con la denuncia medioambiental y de Derechos Humanos como protagonistas.
Le Petit Journal | 4-Jul-2018
Le Comité du patrimoine mondiale de l’UNESCO a décidé de reporter l’inclusion du site minier de Rosia Montana sur la liste du Patrimoine mondial de l’UNESCO.
Business Insider | 3-Jul-2018
New York-based hedge fund Mason Capital Management has filed a legal claim seeking at least $175 million from the South Korean government as compensation for damages it says it sustained from a 2015 merger of two Samsung Group affiliates.
Business Review | 29-Jun-2018
The minister of culture says that the government has proposed the delay of the inclusion of Rosia Montana in the UNESCO World Heritage list until there is a final ruling in the case opened by Gabriel Resources against Romania.
Toronto Star | 24-Jun-2018
NAFTA is a corporate rights agreement, not a free-trade agreement in the original sense.

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