Europe

European Union member states have signed over 1500 trade agreements with third countries, in addition to some 200 bilateral investment treaties (BIT) between EU members. Non-EU European states are party to over 700 trade agreements. Most of all of these contain investor-state dispute settlement (ISDS) provisions.

The EU as such has only ratified one treaty with an ISDS mechanism, the Energy Charter Treaty (ECT), to which 52 European and Central Asian countries are party. The EU is also in the process of ratifying comprehensive trade agreements with Canada (CETA) and Singapore, both of which include ISDS provisions, and is currently negotiating trade deals with the US (TTIP), India, Malaysia, Vietnam and many other countries.

The EU has initiated the majority of disputes if all claims submitted by EU member states are grouped together (300 from the 28 member states put together in 2014). Only 11% of awards in favour of investors from the EU have been made public, corresponding to a total known amount of about €3.5 billion. European states altogether have been targeted in 46% of all cases (2013).

At the end of 2014, the number of intra-EU ISDS disputes amounted to 99, approximately 16% of all cases globally, half of which having been brought under the ECT.

Overall, the Czech Republic, Spain and Poland have been among the ten most frequent respondent states, while the Netherlands, the United Kingdom, Germany, France, Italy, Spain and Switzerland have been among the ten most frequent home states of the investor.

The most well-known cases include:

Yukos (Isle of Man) vs. Russia: US$50 billion awarded in 2014 to majority shareholders of the oil and gas company (ECT invoked).

Eureko (Netherland) vs. Poland: case settled in 2005 for about €2 billion in favour of the investor, a large European insurance company (Netherland-Poland BIT invoked)

Ceskoslovenska Obchodni Banka (Czech Republic) vs. Slovak Republic: €553 million awarded in 2004 to the investor, one of the largest commercial banks in the Czech Republic (Czech Republic-Slovak Republic BIT invoked)

(March 2016)

Lexology | 16-Aug-2017
In the last few months, the long-lasting dispute between Mr Pey Casado and the Foundation Presidente Allende and the Republic of Chile has seen numerous developments.
Business Monkey | 3-Aug-2017
The Government of Spain has submitted to international arbitration tribunal ICSID appeal against the ruling which condemned him to pay 128 million euros plus interest to the British firm Eiser Infrastructure.
CIAR Global | 2-Aug-2017
España busca la anulación del laudo del arbitraje iniciado por Eiser Infrastructure Limited y Energía Solar Luxembourg que le condena a una indemnización de 128 millones de euros por las subvenciones energéticas.
American Lawyer | 1-Aug-2017
Litigation funder Burford Capital stands to take home roughly $140 million from a $324 million recovery against the government of Argentina.
Volterra Fietta | 26-Jul-2017
The data lead to the inexorable conclusion that the European Commission’s declaration that “investment treaty arbitration is dead” is wrong by a ratio of over 1:3,000.
Lexology | 26-Jul-2017
One should be cautious with jumping to conclusions for the still pending Spanish ECT cases.
Reuters | 26-Jul-2017
The World Bank’s arbitration tribunal has ordered Argentina to pay $320 million plus interest and legal fees to Spanish travel group Marsans for expropriating its airline Aerolineas Argentinas SA in 2008.
Kapitalis | 26-Jul-2017
Le Cirdi a rendu son verdict : l’Etat tunisien s’est rendu coupable de violation du droit de propriété d’ABCI sur la Banque franco-tunisienne (BFT)
CETRI | 24-Jul-2017
De plus en plus de voix s’élèvent en Europe contre les accords de libre-échange, y compris au sein des parlements. Ces critiques annoncent-elles une rupture ? Pour mesurer la portée et les limites de ces accords, il vaut la peine de s’intéresser à leurs impacts dans le Sud ainsi qu’aux résistances qu’ils y ont suscitées.
Nasdaq | 24-Jul-2017
Citigroup offered US$200m of Argentina bonds for sale as part of an arbitration agreement to help settle the sovereign’s obligations to French oil company Total.

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