North America

Canada and the United States have signed over 170 international investment agreements. The largest of these include the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) with Mexico and the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) with ten other Pacific Rim states, currently in the process of being ratified.

The US is also party to the Dominican Republic–Central America Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA) and is negotiating the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) with the European Union.

Canada has signed the Foreign Investment Promotion and Protection Agreement (FIPA) with China and the Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA) with the European Union, the latter one yet to be ratified.

US investors have extensively used the investor-state dispute settlement (ISDS) provisions of these treaties. They have initiated around 130 disputes, over 20% of all known cases, making it the most frequent home state of the investor. The US has never lost an ISDS litigation.

On the other hand Canadian investors have initiated about 35 disputes and Canada has been the second most frequent target among developed states (5th globally).

(October 2015)

Reuters | 17-Jul-2017
La minera canadiense Crystallex ganó en una corte estadounidense una medida que prohíbe a la empresa china Haitong International Securities Group transfiera activos propiedad de Venezuela.
Reuters | 17-Jul-2017
Canadian miner Crystallex has won U.S. court approval to bar China’s Haitong International Securities Group Ltd from transferring securities owned by Venezuela, in a move to recoup damages from an expropriation by the OPEC nation.
DW | 14-Jul-2017
Bajo ese título publica REDES una nueva investigación que da cuenta de la fragilidad de los Estados frente a los mecanismos de solución de controversias, con impactos invisibilizados en las políticas públicas, los derechos y la soberanía para diseñar y ejecutar estrategias de desarrollo nacionales.
Info Justice | 14-Jul-2017
The cool reasoning of the Canadian Supreme Court does not acknowledge or reference “external” pressures or the Eli Lilly v. Canada ISDS case. However, courts do not decide cases in a vacuum. This case seems to have been decided in a pressure cooker.
Entorno Inteligente | 12-Jul-2017
Un tribunal de apelaciones de Estados Unidos rechazó hoy la intención de la petrolera ExxonMobil de forzar a Venezuela a honrar las disposiciones de un arbitraje internacional vinculado con la expropiación de activos de esa compañía.
Green America | 12-Jul-2017
100 small businesses: NAFTA currently privileges multinational corporations over U.S. small business unfairly under “Investor-State Dispute Settlement” preferential treatment.
CEO | 10-Jul-2017
Le rapport énonce l’histoire d’une région roumaine et de son combat contre l’exploitation d’une mine aux conséquences potentiellement désastreuses.
The Progressive | 4-Jul-2017
Regardless of the short-term outcome, the movement for a progressive new NAFTA will hand progressives a dynamic issue—and a mobilized base—in the 2018 and 2020 elections. The current renegotiation could set the stage for future battles, perhaps for deeper change.
Alburnus Maior | 3-Jul-2017
With Gabriel Resources seeking US$4.4 billion in damages, Alburnus Maior, a prospective amicus curiae in the arbitration case, announces that it aims to file its brief to the ICSID Tribunal until September 2018 at the latest.
Le Figaro | 30-Jun-2017
Un groupe canadien a annoncé réclamer 4,4 milliards de dollars de dédommagement à la Roumanie en compensation de l’abandon d’un projet de mine d’or, au coeur d’une longue controverse judiciaire et environnementale.

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