North America

Canada and the United States have signed over 170 international investment agreements. The largest of these include the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) with Mexico and the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) with ten other Pacific Rim states, currently in the process of being ratified.

The US is also party to the Dominican Republic–Central America Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA) and is negotiating the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) with the European Union.

Canada has signed the Foreign Investment Promotion and Protection Agreement (FIPA) with China and the Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA) with the European Union, the latter one yet to be ratified.

US investors have extensively used the investor-state dispute settlement (ISDS) provisions of these treaties. They have initiated around 130 disputes, over 20% of all known cases, making it the most frequent home state of the investor. The US has never lost an ISDS litigation.

On the other hand Canadian investors have initiated about 35 disputes and Canada has been the second most frequent target among developed states (5th globally).

(October 2015)

Le Vif | 7-May-2019
L’une des cibles de cette contestation populaire était - et reste - le système d’arbitrage qui permet aux multinationales de contester n’importe quelle réglementation prise par les Etats susceptible d’entraîner une réduction des leurs profits.
No al TTIP | 7-May-2019
Para la campaña “No a los tratados de comercio e inversión” resulta inaceptable que exista un sistema de justicia paralelo al que las multinacionales puedan acudir para desafiar una decisión de un parlamento o gobierno por supuestamente perjudicar sus expectativas de ganancias.
Vrijschrift | 6-May-2019
The EU Court suggests: well, just don’t pay. And let us block enforcement of unreasonable ISDS awards.
Le Vent Se Lève | 6-May-2019
Le mécanisme ICS est sans aucun doute un scandale sanitaire, écologique, économique, public, politique, mais en aucun cas un scandale juridique, du moins du point de vue du droit communautaire européen.
Mining Watch | 2-May-2019
We analyzed 38 multi-million dollar claims brought by the mining industry using ISDS and other investment protection laws; in over half, communities are fighting to protect Indigenous territory, water, and more.
Behind the Numbers | 2-May-2019
Canadian investors have frequently used the ISDS system to pursue their commercial interests abroad—too often to challenge responsible government policies taken in the public interest in developing countries.
EU Observer | 30-Apr-2019
But legality should not be our main concern here. There are much better approaches to international investment and we should be considering them.
Client Earth | 30-Apr-2019
In a disappointing judgment, the Court of Justice of the EU (CJEU) has ruled today that the investment court system in the Canadian EU trade agreement (CETA) is compatible with EU law.
CNCD-11.11.11 | 30-Apr-2019
Si le CETA et les accords semblables sont compatibles avec le droit, ils restent incompatibles avec les principes de justice climatique et sociale.
Stop ISDS | 30-Apr-2019
The judgement is disappointing but The case against ISDS (or its rebranded version ICS) has never been primarily a legal one. It is a moral one.

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