North America

Canada and the United States have signed over 170 international investment agreements. The largest of these include the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) with Mexico and the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) with ten other Pacific Rim states, currently in the process of being ratified.

The US is also party to the Dominican Republic–Central America Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA) and is negotiating the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) with the European Union.

Canada has signed the Foreign Investment Promotion and Protection Agreement (FIPA) with China and the Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA) with the European Union, the latter one yet to be ratified.

US investors have extensively used the investor-state dispute settlement (ISDS) provisions of these treaties. They have initiated around 130 disputes, over 20% of all known cases, making it the most frequent home state of the investor. The US has never lost an ISDS litigation.

On the other hand Canadian investors have initiated about 35 disputes and Canada has been the second most frequent target among developed states (5th globally).

(October 2015)

Client Earth | 15-Feb-2019
This critical analysis of the AG’s Opinion will quickly recall the background and implications of the case before commenting on the most controversial points of the AG’s reasoning.
El Financiero | 13-Feb-2019
El fabricante estadounidense de envases de vidrio Owens-Illinois Inc. demandó a Venezuela y a las empresas estatales mientras busca cobrar un arbitraje de $ 500 millones por la nacionalización de dos plantas en 2010.
Reuters | 12-Feb-2019
US glass container maker Owens-Illinois Inc has sued Venezuela and state-owned companies as it seeks to collect a $500 million arbitration award over the 2010 nationalization of two plants.
IGIHE | 12-Feb-2019
Un groupe d’investisseurs américains prétend que le Rwanda a illégalement saisi leurs concessions et « nationalisé » leurs avoirs ainsi que leurs activités minières. Ils exigent une indemnisation 95 millions de dollars.
The East African | 11-Feb-2019
A group of US investors have taken Rwanda to an international court, seeking compensation of $95 million after the government seized their mining concessions, effectively denying them operating licences.
M4 | 6-Feb-2019
Nos unimos en solidaridad con los residentes de San Pedro Ayampuc y San José del Golfo, quienes están profundamente preocupados por la grave amenaza que la mina representa para los suministros de agua, los ecosistemas y la calidad de vida en el área.
Stop ISDS | 6-Feb-2019
Today, the 6th of February 2019, the Romanian town of Roşia Montană celebrates its 1888th year of existence. Over the past 20 years, residents have fought against a proposed multi-billion dollar mining project.
Ultimas Noticias | 1-Feb-2019
La sentencia del Laudo ratificó el ejercicio de la soberanía del Estado venezolano ante sus recursos minerales .
Cision | 31-Jan-2019
The Paris Court of Appeals partially annulled the arbitral award issued in favour of Rusoro in August 2016 against Venezuela.
Reuters | 29-Jan-2019
The EU-Canada free trade deal’s provisions on investor protection are in line with EU law, a senior court adviser said in a recommendation to the European Court of Justice.

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