TPP

L’Accord de Partenariat transpacifique global et progressiste (CPTPP ou TPP en abrégé, selon les acronymes anglais) est un accord de commerce et d’investissement qui a été signé le 7 mars 2018 entre 11 pays de la région du Pacifique : Australie, Brunei, Canada, Chili, Japon, Malaisie, Mexique, Nouvelle-Zélande, Pérou, Singapour et Vietnam. Le pacte est entré en vigueur le 30 décembre 2018 parmi les membres qui l’ont ratifié. Les États-Unis s’en sont retirés en janvier 2017.

Le chapitre sur l’investissement comprend des dispositions relatives au règlement des différends entre investisseurs et États (ISDS). Des groupes de la société civile ont fortement critiqué ce mécanisme, car il donne à un investisseur ou à une entreprise étrangère des pouvoirs disproportionnés par rapport aux gouvernements ou aux entreprises nationales. Les investisseurs étrangers peuvent recourir à un système judiciaire parallèle spécialement conçu pour eux afin de contester la santé publique, l’environnement et d’autres "garanties" d’intérêt public, et contourner les tribunaux nationaux.

(mars 2020)

Australasian Lawyer | 9-oct-2015
Law firms are among the many Australian businesses likely to benefit from the Trans-Pacific Partnership.
Global Trade Online | 7-oct-2015
Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) countries have agreed on language that will allow members to exclude tobacco control measures from the scope of investor-state dispute settlement.
Info Justice | 2-oct-2015
The new exception validates, rather than assuages, the concerns of those who have been criticizing ISDS systems for many years. Without express carve outs, ISDS provisions do threaten common health and safety regulations.
The Edge Markets | 2-oct-2015
Governments will be allowed to block tobacco companies from suing over anti-smoking measures under a US proposal being considered by Pacific trading partners as part of Trans-Pacific Partnership trade deal.
The Star | 2-oct-2015
What little we know about the Harper government’s many international trade deals is cause for grave concern.
SSRN | 1er-oct-2015
Despite the deep irony of free trade agreements being subverted to codify and extend anti-competitive monopoly rights the joining of enhanced intellectual property rights (IPRs) and strengthened investor rights is creating a wild-west opportunity for unbounded corporate power.
rabble.ca | 23-sep-2015
For years, trade and justice activists have proposed renegotiating the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) to address some of the deal’s most damaging features : for example, by removing the anti-democratic investor-state dispute settlement provisions of Chapter 11, linking trade benefits to genuine protections for human and labour rights (all the more important given the deteriorating democratic situation in Mexico), and establishing a continent-wide strategy for auto investment and production.
| 23-sep-2015
Under a Trans Pacific Partnership deal, foreign investors in New Zealand could be able to take international legal action against a government decision such as that which rejected a Chinese company’s bid for Lochinver Station, says an Auckland Law School senior lecturer.
SUNS | 23-sep-2015
Particular issues and procedures in investment treaties have proved especially contentious at both conceptual and practical levels.

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