Latin America

Latin America countries have signed over 650 trade agreements. They have been the most targeted by investor-state disputes (ISDS). About 35% of all ICSID arbitration cases have involved a Latin American state.

Argentina itself has faced almost 60 ISDS disputes, about 9% of all cases, making it the most targeted state globally. Venezuela, Mexico and Ecuador have been among the ten most frequent respondents in the world.

Well-known cases such as Chevron vs. Ecuador or Pac Rim vs. El Salvador have originated in significant environmental damages caused by corporations. Philip Morris is currently suing Uruguay over its anti-tobacco law.

Besides, Chile, Mexico and Peru are party to the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) with nine other Pacific Rim states. Its investment chapter has revealed the inclusion of ISDS provisions that would undermine public health, the environment and other public-interest ‘safeguards’.

The most well-known cases include:

• Chevron (US) vs. Ecuador: in 2013, an arbitration court ordered Ecuador to pay Chevron US$106 for breach of contract (Ecuador-United States BIT invoked). Meanwhile in a separate case, Ecuador’s highest court fined the oil giant US$9.5 billion for dumping billions of gallons of toxic waste into the rainforest. Both cases are unresolved.

Occidental Petroleum Corporation “Oxy” (US) vs. Ecuador: in 2012 Ecuador was ordered to pay US$1.77 billion to the investor, an oil exploration and production company, for breach of contract. Sentence was reduced to US$1 billion in November 2015 (Ecuador-United States BIT invoked).

• National Grid PLC (United Kingdom) vs. Argentina: about US$50 million awarded in 2008 to the investor, a multinational electricity and gas utility company (Argentine-United Kingdom BIT invoked).

(October 2015)

CADTM | 17-May-2019
Si hay algún caso que evidencie la ofensiva de las empresas transnacionales contra la vida y la democracia ese es, sin duda, el caso Chevron.
ISDS América Latina | 14-May-2019
22 de los 42 países en la región ya han sido demandados a través del sistema de arbitraje de inversores (ISDS). El 73,8% de las demandas fueron hacia Argentina, Venezuela, México, Ecuador, Bolivia y Perú.
Inequality | 13-May-2019
In more than two-thirds of the mining-related lawsuits against governments in the region, communities have actively organizing against the mining activities.
Barbados Today | 6-May-2019
Caribbean States and investors are not only participating, but being harmed by the ills and abuses of the current system of ISDS.
Mining Watch | 2-May-2019
We analyzed 38 multi-million dollar claims brought by the mining industry using ISDS and other investment protection laws; in over half, communities are fighting to protect Indigenous territory, water, and more.
CIAR Global | 26-Apr-2019
El empresario español Alejandro Díaz Gaspar ha presentado una demanda de arbitraje por 100 millones de dólares contra Costa Rica ante el Centro Internacional de Arreglo de Diferencias relativas a Inversiones (CIADI) vinculada al sector alimentario.
Descifrado | 26-Apr-2019
El registro del caso en el sitio web del Ciadi señala que el 18 de abril la República Bolivariana de Venezuela introdujo el requerimiento, a través de los bufetes Curtis, Mallet-Prevost, Colt & Mosle y De Jesús & De Jesús, los mismos que vienen representando al país en ese caso
Cinco Días | 26-Apr-2019
El país austral pagará 220 millones al grupo francés, de los cuales en torno a 80 son para Aguas de Barcelona
Le Figaro | 26-Apr-2019
Le groupe de gestion de l’eau et des déchets Suez a annoncé avoir touché une indemnité de l’Argentine pour la résiliation d’un contrat décidée par le gouvernement argentin en 2006, en application d’une décision arbitrale.
Buenos Aires Times | 26-Apr-2019
French water and waste management company receives compensation from the government, settling one of its legal disputes with country dating back to Néstor Kirchner’s presidency.

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