Amérique du Nord

Le Canada et les Etats-Unis ont conclu plus de 170 accords d’investissement internationaux, dont l’Accord de libre-échange nord-américain (ALENA) avec le Mexique et le Partenariat transpacifique (TPP en anglais), avec des autres Etats de la cote pacifique, ce dernier en phase de ratification.

Les Etats-Unis sont aussi signataires de l’Accord de libre-échange entre l’Amérique centrale et la République Dominicaine (CAFTA en anglais) et sont en train de négocier le Partenariat transatlantique sur le commerce et l’investissement (TTIP ou TAFTA en anglais) avec l’Union européenne.

Le Canada a signé l’Accord sur la promotion et la protection des investissements étrangers (FIPA en anglais) avec la Chine et l’Accord économique et commercial global (AECG ou CETA en anglais) avec l’Union européenne, celui-ci en phase de ratification.

Les investisseurs états-uniens ont considérablement utilisé les clauses du règlement des différends investisseur-Etat (ISDS en anglais) présentes dans ces traités. Ils ont initié environ 130 litiges, soit plus de 20% des cas connus dans le monde. La majorité des différends proviennent de multinationales originaires des Etats-Unis. Par ailleurs, les Etats-Unis n’ont jamais perdu de litige du type ISDS lorsqu’ils étaient ciblés.

Les investisseurs canadiens ont quant à eux initié environ 35 litiges et le Canada est le deuxième Etat développé le plus ciblé par l’ISDS (cinquième au niveau global).

(novembre 2015)

| 5-jui-2007
With Seoul and Washington concluding their renegotiation of the Korea-US free trade agreement (FTA), it has been confirmed there were some ‘‘unfair parts’’ added to the economic deal under which investors of both sides are not treated equally in their respective countries.
| 15-jui-2007
A seven-year legal battle by the US postal carrier United Parcel Service of America (UPS) against Canada, brought under a controversial free trade agreement, has been dismissed, but advocacy groups say a provision that allows corporations to sue for lost profits should be permanently dropped.
| 14-jui-2007
A landmark NAFTA decision this week dismissing allegations that Canada Post is competing unfairly has significantly restricted the rights of foreign investors to elbow their way into markets served by Crown corporations and other government enterprises.
| 12-jui-2007
Ecuador is furiously lobbying members of Congress to extend trade preferences, set to run out at the end of the month, that are intended to counter narcotics trafficking.
FPIF | 3-mai-2007
When Bolivian President Evo Morales took office in January 2006, he pledged to follow through on his campaign pledge to increase Bolivians’ share of revenues from their major source of foreign income, natural gas. International gas companies, however, threatened to sue. Previous Bolivian governments had signed a flurry of bilateral investment treaties that gave foreign investors the right to bypass domestic courts and file such lawsuits through international tribunals. Morales complained that these rules made him feel like a “prisoner” in the presidential palace.
Australia National University | 16-avr-2007
Peter Drahos looks at the issue of dispute settlement in the gowing web of US bilateral free trade agreements, how this relates to the WTO’s dispute settlement system and the implications for developing countries.
| 9-avr-2007
Global Gold mining company submitted its claim to the International Center for Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID), a body adjunct to the World Bank, against the Government of the Republic of Armenia (ROA). The Company is trying to protect its investment rights in arbitration court.
| 30-mar-2007
Pittsburgh-based Railroad Development Corporation (RDC) has hired former US trade agreement negotiator, Regina Vargo, and filed suit against the Guatemalan government under the investor-state provisions within Chapter 10 of CAFTA.
| 22-mar-2007
A US company mining gold in Armenia has initiated an international arbitration of its bitter dispute with Environment Minister Vartan Ayvazian whom it accuses of corruption and other violations of the law.
| 14-mar-2007
On the morning of Tuesday, March 13, Railroad Development Corporation (RDC) filed its Notice of Intent to Submit Claims to international arbitration against the Republic of Guatemala under the Central America-Dominican Republic-United States Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA).

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