Pacífico

Los Estados del Pacifico han firmado cerca de 72 acuerdos de inversión y comercio, 39 de los cuales fue Australia la que los concretó.

La mayor parte de los arreglos de comercio de Australia especifican arbitrajes entre inversionistas y Estados ISDS, incluyendo aquellos con China (como en el ChAFTA, que está en su etapa final de ratificación), India, Corea, México o Turquía.

Tras una disputa con Philip Morris por una ley anti-tabaco, Australia alegó que se restringiría de involucrarse en nuevos acuerdos de inversión que implicaran ISDS. Sin embargo Australia firmó el ChAFTA, el TLC con Indonesia, el TLC con Hong Kong y la ATP incluye un mecanismo ISDS.

El caso de Philip Morris vs. Australia es el más conocido hasta la fecha. Cuando Australia votó la ley anti-tabaco, forzando a las tabacaleras a utilizar un empaques simples, la compañía estadounidense Philip Morris inició una disputa bajo las previsiones ISDS a través de su subsidiaria con sede en Hong Kong. Invocó el TBI entre Australia y Hong Kong debido a que no había mecanismos ISDS en el TBI de Australia con EUA. En diciembre de 2015, el tribunal declaró el caso sobreseído, por razones de procedimiento. Más de 39 millones de dólares de los contribuyentes se habrían convertido en humo, tan sólo en gastos legales. Pero Philip Morris pago sólo la mitad, dejando que los contribuyentes australianos pagaran el resto.

El Pacífico es la región más sometida a demandas. Solamente los inversionistas australianos han iniciado disputas en dos ocasiones registradas, dos de ellas con el Tratado de Carta de la Energía.

(abril de 2020)

Infojustice.org | 3-dic-2012
Australia’s new stance against investor-State arbitration may do nothing to prevent claims being brought in the future.
| 26-nov-2012
The Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Resources (MoPNR) has written a letter to Prime Minister Raja Pervez Ashraf to persuade the Balochistan government to settle the Reko Diq issue out of court, fearing a penalty of Rs39 billion by the International Centre for Settlement Investment Disputes (ICSID).
Troy Media | 15-nov-2012
Much of the debate surrounding the Canada-China trade deal revolves around the dispute settlement clause in the deal. Troy Media contacted Professor Thomas Faunce of the Australian National University in Canberra to explain why the Australian government decided to discontinue the practise of seeking inclusion of investor state dispute settlement provisions in trade agreements with developing countries.
| 11-sep-2012
Delegates attending trans-Pacific free-trade negotiations in the United States are being warned their countries could end up like Australia if they agree to allow corporations to sue governments in international courts.
| 21-may-2012
Smoking is bad for our health. Smoking is detrimental to our economic well-being - smoking-related conditions and diseases cost the health service in this country millions and millions of dollars each year. But moves to reduce or stop smoking in this country could cost us just as much if not more.
Sydney Morning Herald | 5-mar-2012
The federal government is standing firm against Australian and US business demands that it allow controversial dispute settlement clauses into an ambitious new Pacific free trade deal.
| 9-feb-2012
In a stinging indictment of the slow speed with which the higher judiciary decides cases and lackadaisical manner in which the government deals with disputes involving foreign companies doing business in India, a three-member international arbitration panel has decided a case against the Government of India and a PSU.
Philip Morris Ltd | 20-dic-2011
"We believe plain packaging violates the Australian Constitution because the Government is seeking to acquire our property without paying compensation," the company states
Canberra Times | 25-nov-2011
Despite the compelling rationale that the public has a stake, Philip Morris’ claims will not be heard in an Australian court by respected judges, but by an ad-hoc tribunal that will meet in Singapore or another foreign country.
| 21-nov-2011
The Federal Government’s plain packaging laws for cigarettes have now passed both houses of Parliament but are facing their first legal challenge.

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