TPP

L’Accord de Partenariat transpacifique global et progressiste (CPTPP ou TPP en abrégé, selon les acronymes anglais) est un accord de commerce et d’investissement qui a été signé le 7 mars 2018 entre 11 pays de la région du Pacifique : Australie, Brunei, Canada, Chili, Japon, Malaisie, Mexique, Nouvelle-Zélande, Pérou, Singapour et Vietnam. Le pacte est entré en vigueur le 30 décembre 2018 parmi les membres qui l’ont ratifié. Les États-Unis s’en sont retirés en janvier 2017.

Le chapitre sur l’investissement comprend des dispositions relatives au règlement des différends entre investisseurs et États (ISDS). Des groupes de la société civile ont fortement critiqué ce mécanisme, car il donne à un investisseur ou à une entreprise étrangère des pouvoirs disproportionnés par rapport aux gouvernements ou aux entreprises nationales. Les investisseurs étrangers peuvent recourir à un système judiciaire parallèle spécialement conçu pour eux afin de contester la santé publique, l’environnement et d’autres "garanties" d’intérêt public, et contourner les tribunaux nationaux.

(mars 2020)

Washington Post | 26-fév-2015
"Agreeing to ISDS in this enormous new treaty would tilt the playing field in the United States further in favor of big multinational corporations. Worse, it would undermine U.S. sovereignty," writes Elizabeth Warren.
Counter Punch | 18-fév-2015
The corporate media would prefer that people know nothing about the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP), Canada-European Union Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA), the US-EU Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) and other trade deals.
Scoop | 13-fév-2015
This week’s edition of world-leading medical journal The Lancet includes a call by 27 health experts from New Zealand, Australia, Canada, Chile, Malaysia, the USA, and Vietnam for the TPPA to be made public so its overall health impacts can be assessed.
Huffington Post | 19-déc-2014
US Senator Elizabeth Warren on Wednesday warned that a major trade deal being negotiated by the Obama administration could hamstring Wall Street reform efforts.
Guam PDN | 17-nov-2014
The Trans-Pacific Partnership threatens workers’ rights in the 12 nations negotiating the deal, say Communications Workers of America
The Nation | 12-nov-2014
If a “high-standard” ISDS is included in the Trans-Pacific Partnership, the results could be catastrophic, especially for the environment and people fighting to protect the environment.
Reuters | 22-oct-2014
The United States has floated excluding tobacco products from a key section of a 12-nation Pacific trade deal and signaled it may present a formal proposal to trading partners at talks in Australia.
The Conversation | 21-oct-2014
The US is again driving the TPP agenda on behalf of its major export industries, but the TPP proposals are more extreme than the Australia-US FTA, writes Pat Ranald.
AFL-CIO | 15-oct-2014
According to recent reports, US trade negotiators for the Trans Pacific Partnership trade deal are floating a proposal to prevent tobacco companies from using corporate courts to sue national governments over anti-smoking regulations.
Politico | 11-oct-2014
US trade officials have denied they plan to offer a new tobacco proposal in the Trans-Pacific Partnership talks in Australia later this month.

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