TPP

Le Partenariat transpacifique (TPP en anglais) a été signé en octobre 2015 entre les Etats-Unis et 11 autres pays de la côte pacifique : l’Australie, Brunei, le Canada, le Chili, le Japon, la Malaisie, le Mexique, la Nouvelle Zélande, le Pérou, Singapour et le Vietnam. L’Indonésie et Taiwan ont aussi déclaré vouloir y adhérer. L’accord est actuellement en phase de ratification.

Le chapitre sur l’investissement du traité comporte le mécanisme de règlement des différends investisseur-Etat (ISDS en anglais). La société civile a fermement critiqué l’ISDS car ce système donne aux investisseurs étrangers des pouvoirs disproportionnés vis à vis des gouvernements ou entreprises nationales. Les compagnies étrangères seraient en mesure de contourner la justice nationale et souveraine et d’avoir recours à une justice parallèle faite exclusivement pour elles.

La santé publique, l’environnement et autres protections d’intérêt public seraient mise à l’épreuve en vertu des clauses sur l’ISDS contenues dans le TPP.

(novembre 2015)

Voxy | 14-aoû-2018
A range of labour, health and environmental organisations are calling for a clause to be inserted into the CPTPP Amendment Bill that would prevent future governments from extending investor-state dispute settlement to countries seeking to join the agreement.
AFTINET | 30-jui-2018
“AFTINET will present evidence today to a Senate inquiry that the TPP-11 increases corporate rights at the expense of people’s rights and the environment and should not be implemented,” AFTINET Convener Dr Patricia Ranald said today.
Sydney Morning Herald | 20-jui-2018
Despite this growing rejection of ISDS, the Australian government claims that ambiguous general “safeguards” in the TPP-11 will protect public interest laws.
Spatial Source | 13-jui-2018
Open Source Industry Australia (OSIA) is calling upon the federal government to scrap the CPTPP over provisions that could decimate the Australian open source community.
Info Justice | 31-mai-2018
Investor-State Dispute Settlement (ISDS) poses significant challenges in respect of tobacco control, public health, human rights, and sustainable development.
Mondaq | 14-mai-2018
New Zealand has recently signed "side letters" to exclude compulsory Investor State Dispute Settlement with five members of the CPTPP – Brunei Darussalam, Malaysia, Peru, Viet Nam and Australia.
IISD | 9-mai-2018
A decision by the Federal Court of Canada should spell the end of the NAFTA renegotiation on the investment Chapter of NAFTA, and ignite a renegotiation of the investment chapters of the Canada-EU trade agreement and the CPATPP.
Friends of the Earth Australia | 3-mai-2018
The ISDS system impedes on national sovereignty to the benefit of corporations, yet places no obligations on investors to behave responsibly, creating an asymmetric system that gives multinationals the same rights as sovereign states.
Library of Congress | 28-mar-2018
On March 9, 2018, the New Zealand Minister for Trade and Export Growth, David Parker, announced that the government has signed “side letters” with five other countries that are also party to the TPP11 that exclude compulsory investor-state dispute settlement.
EconoMex | 26-fév-2018
El pasado 24 de enero, 11 países de la Cuenca del Pacífico alcanzaron un acuerdo para firmar un resucitado Tratado Transpacífico (TPP), pero ahora con el nombre de Acuerdo Global y Progresivo para la Asociación Transpacífico (CPTPP por sus siglas en inglés).

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