TPP

Le Partenariat transpacifique (TPP en anglais) a été signé en octobre 2015 entre les Etats-Unis et 11 autres pays de la côte pacifique : l’Australie, Brunei, le Canada, le Chili, le Japon, la Malaisie, le Mexique, la Nouvelle Zélande, le Pérou, Singapour et le Vietnam. L’Indonésie et Taiwan ont aussi déclaré vouloir y adhérer. L’accord est actuellement en phase de ratification.

Le chapitre sur l’investissement du traité comporte le mécanisme de règlement des différends investisseur-Etat (ISDS en anglais). La société civile a fermement critiqué l’ISDS car ce système donne aux investisseurs étrangers des pouvoirs disproportionnés vis à vis des gouvernements ou entreprises nationales. Les compagnies étrangères seraient en mesure de contourner la justice nationale et souveraine et d’avoir recours à une justice parallèle faite exclusivement pour elles.

La santé publique, l’environnement et autres protections d’intérêt public seraient mise à l’épreuve en vertu des clauses sur l’ISDS contenues dans le TPP.

(novembre 2015)

Mondaq | 14-mai-2018
New Zealand has recently signed "side letters" to exclude compulsory Investor State Dispute Settlement with five members of the CPTPP – Brunei Darussalam, Malaysia, Peru, Viet Nam and Australia.
IISD | 9-mai-2018
A decision by the Federal Court of Canada should spell the end of the NAFTA renegotiation on the investment Chapter of NAFTA, and ignite a renegotiation of the investment chapters of the Canada-EU trade agreement and the CPATPP.
Friends of the Earth Australia | 3-mai-2018
The ISDS system impedes on national sovereignty to the benefit of corporations, yet places no obligations on investors to behave responsibly, creating an asymmetric system that gives multinationals the same rights as sovereign states.
Library of Congress | 28-mar-2018
On March 9, 2018, the New Zealand Minister for Trade and Export Growth, David Parker, announced that the government has signed “side letters” with five other countries that are also party to the TPP11 that exclude compulsory investor-state dispute settlement.
EconoMex | 26-fév-2018
El pasado 24 de enero, 11 países de la Cuenca del Pacífico alcanzaron un acuerdo para firmar un resucitado Tratado Transpacífico (TPP), pero ahora con el nombre de Acuerdo Global y Progresivo para la Asociación Transpacífico (CPTPP por sus siglas en inglés).
Gisborne Herald | 26-fév-2018
Profit is king. People are the pawns, and the Government will seem to be in favour of supra-national conglomerates if it signs this “new” TPP inclusive of the ISDS.
Scoop | 22-fév-2018
Canada and the US are set to agree on withdrawing the controversial investor-state dispute settlement (ISDS) mechanism from the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) between the US, Canada and Mexico.
Asia Society Policy Institute | 6-fév-2018
Certain long-standing provisions of trade agreements, specifically ISDS, are worthy of reconsideration.
Global Research | 5-fév-2018
Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau has boasted of his commitment to progressive economic, environmental and social policies. At the same time, has been a passionate warrior in his pursuit and defence of so-called ‘free trade’ agreements.
Scoop | 13-nov-2017
"[New Zealand’s] new government has begun to spin its achievements, while omitting some inconvenient details", says law professor Jane Kelsey.

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