Latin America

Latin America countries have signed over 650 trade agreements. They have been the most targeted by investor-state disputes (ISDS). About 35% of all ICSID arbitration cases have involved a Latin American state.

Argentina itself has faced almost 60 ISDS disputes, about 9% of all cases, making it the most targeted state globally. Venezuela, Mexico and Ecuador have been among the ten most frequent respondents in the world.

Well-known cases such as Chevron vs. Ecuador or Pac Rim vs. El Salvador have originated in significant environmental damages caused by corporations. Philip Morris is currently suing Uruguay over its anti-tobacco law.

Besides, Chile, Mexico and Peru are party to the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) with nine other Pacific Rim states. Its investment chapter has revealed the inclusion of ISDS provisions that would undermine public health, the environment and other public-interest ‘safeguards’.

The most well-known cases include:

• Chevron (US) vs. Ecuador: in 2013, an arbitration court ordered Ecuador to pay Chevron US$106 for breach of contract (Ecuador-United States BIT invoked). Meanwhile in a separate case, Ecuador’s highest court fined the oil giant US$9.5 billion for dumping billions of gallons of toxic waste into the rainforest. Both cases are unresolved.

Occidental Petroleum Corporation “Oxy” (US) vs. Ecuador: in 2012 Ecuador was ordered to pay US$1.77 billion to the investor, an oil exploration and production company, for breach of contract. Sentence was reduced to US$1 billion in November 2015 (Ecuador-United States BIT invoked).

• National Grid PLC (United Kingdom) vs. Argentina: about US$50 million awarded in 2008 to the investor, a multinational electricity and gas utility company (Argentine-United Kingdom BIT invoked).

(October 2015)

ATTAC Argentina | 4-Oct-2013
Desde ATTAC Argentina manifestamos nuestro rechazo al avance manifestado por el Gobierno argentino de pagar 500 millones de dólares a cinco empresas transnacionales que demandaron al país en el Centro Internacional de Arreglo de Diferencias sobre Inversiones (CIADI).
La República, Perú | 3-Oct-2013
Las demandas de arbitraje contra los Estados por parte de los inversionistas son uno de los más importantes “súper derechos” que les confieren los TLC. Uno de sus usos más perversos de estos derechos es la posibilidad de ejercer presión contra los Estados, para que retrocedan en las medidas asumidas, amenazándolos con el inicio de un arbitraje.
AP | 20-Sep-2013
Plaintiffs’ hopes for collecting a $19 billion judgment awarded by an Ecuadorean court against Chevron Corp. for oil contamination in the Amazon have suffered another potential setback.
CNN | 19-Sep-2013
In an apparent coup for the oil giant’s efforts to undermine a $19 billion environmental judgment in Ecuador, an international tribunal has suggested that the Ecuadorians’ claims in that case were all settled and extinguished in 1995
Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung | 6-Sep-2013
El contexto actual, pasados ocho años de gobierno del Frente Amplio en Uruguay, es particularmente propicio para reflexionar acerca de las diversas condicionantes para la aplicación de estrategias de desarrollo económico, productivo y social.
El Correo | 30-Aug-2013
Dans l’affaire qui oppose Repsol à l’Argentine devant le CIADI (CIRDI en français ou ICSID en anglais), tribunal arbitral de la Banque mondiale, le choix de Claus von Wobeser, comme président du Tribunal et du chilien Orrego Vicuña comme juge, a été vivement rejeté par l’Argentine.
REDES - AT | 16-Jul-2013
Una muy mala noticia para Uruguay y el Convenio Marco de la OMS sobre Control del Tabaco.
| 10-Jul-2013
Concerns about objectivity and accountability of investment dispute arbitrators have prompted calls for tougher ethical guidelines as caseloads have exploded.
| 25-Jun-2013
Latin American states are the only ones in the world that have decided to withdraw from the ICSID Convention. It is also the only region in the world considering the necessity to find an alternative to ICSID mechanism.
Tobacco Reporter | 19-Jun-2013
Philip Morris International expects a decision to be made this month or next on a challenge by Uruguay as to whether an international tribunal set to hear bilateral investment treaty complaints has jurisdiction over the matter.

0 | ... | 720 | 730 | 740 | 750 | 760 | 770 | 780 | 790 | 800 | ... | 920