Latin America

Latin America countries have signed over 650 trade agreements. They have been the most targeted by investor-state disputes (ISDS). About 35% of all ICSID arbitration cases have involved a Latin American state.

Argentina itself has faced almost 60 ISDS disputes, about 9% of all cases, making it the most targeted state globally. Venezuela, Mexico and Ecuador have been among the ten most frequent respondents in the world.

Well-known cases such as Chevron vs. Ecuador or Pac Rim vs. El Salvador have originated in significant environmental damages caused by corporations. Philip Morris is currently suing Uruguay over its anti-tobacco law.

Besides, Chile, Mexico and Peru are party to the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) with nine other Pacific Rim states. Its investment chapter has revealed the inclusion of ISDS provisions that would undermine public health, the environment and other public-interest ‘safeguards’.

The most well-known cases include:

• Chevron (US) vs. Ecuador: in 2013, an arbitration court ordered Ecuador to pay Chevron US$106 for breach of contract (Ecuador-United States BIT invoked). Meanwhile in a separate case, Ecuador’s highest court fined the oil giant US$9.5 billion for dumping billions of gallons of toxic waste into the rainforest. Both cases are unresolved.

Occidental Petroleum Corporation “Oxy” (US) vs. Ecuador: in 2012 Ecuador was ordered to pay US$1.77 billion to the investor, an oil exploration and production company, for breach of contract. Sentence was reduced to US$1 billion in November 2015 (Ecuador-United States BIT invoked).

• National Grid PLC (United Kingdom) vs. Argentina: about US$50 million awarded in 2008 to the investor, a multinational electricity and gas utility company (Argentine-United Kingdom BIT invoked).

(October 2015)

CDES | 10-Sep-2018
Les signataires de cette lettre souhaitent exprimer leur rejet de cette décision et leur soutien apporté à la population de l’Équateur et aux organisations qui ont défendu les communautés affectées par Chevron Texaco.
CDES | 10-Sep-2018
Las firmantes de la presente carta queremos expresar nuestro rechazo a este fallo y el apoyo al pueblo de Ecuador y a las organizaciones que han defendido a las y los afectados por Chevron Texaco.
El Salvador | 10-Sep-2018
En el caso de Pacific Rim, la empresa demandó al Gobierno por $314 millones, pero le dijeron a El Salvador que si les daban la autorización para explotar oro y plata, ellos retiraban la demanda.
Business Wire | 7-Sep-2018
Ecuador found liable for violating international law, supporting fraud and corruption.
JDSupra | 3-Sep-2018
Latin American countries have been respondents in approximately 30 per cent of all International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID) cases.
CincoDías | 29-Aug-2018
Piden compensaciones por los daños causados por la pérdida de su inversión. Estiman que España incumplió las garantías y protección fijadas del tratado bilateral de inversión entre España y México.
IFR | 28-Aug-2018
Mexican billionaire Antonio del Valle has launched actions against the Spanish government for its role in the process of putting Banco Popular into resolution and subsequent sale for €1 to Santander.
Ámbito | 27-Aug-2018
El grupo chileno impulsa proyecto inmobiliario por U$S 600 millones. El conflicto es por un terreno público en San Isidro que la empresa compró en 1996 por u$s22 millones y que el Estado pretende recuperar sin pagar.
Chile Mejor sin TLC | 22-Aug-2018
6 razones por las cuales hay que rechazar la ratificación del Tratado de Libre Comercio (TLC) entre Argentina y Chile.
CIAR Global | 22-Aug-2018
Pdvsa acordó reconocer el laudo de CCI realizando pagos iniciales por un total de 500 millones de dólares en un período de 90 días a partir de la fecha de la firma.

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