22 de los 42 países en la región ya han sido demandados a través del sistema de arbitraje de inversores (ISDS). El 73,8% de las demandas fueron hacia Argentina, Venezuela, México, Ecuador, Bolivia y Perú.
International investment law overlooks the interests of local communities. This is especially troublesome in foreign investment in natural resources and infrastructure, where the local communities are the most affected and whose harm often leads to disputes.
Despite debates about crisis in investment treaty arbitration, most emerging market economies are concluding BITs that provide for ISDS and emerging market multinational companies appear to welcome ISDS.
India has a faced a number of claims from foreign investors over the years under the BIT regime. It is presently engaged in over 20 investor-State disputes, with a number of them revolving around retrospective tax claims.