North America

Canada and the United States have signed over 170 international investment agreements. The largest of these include the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) with Mexico and the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) with ten other Pacific Rim states, currently in the process of being ratified.

The US is also party to the Dominican Republic–Central America Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA) and is negotiating the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) with the European Union.

Canada has signed the Foreign Investment Promotion and Protection Agreement (FIPA) with China and the Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA) with the European Union, the latter one yet to be ratified.

US investors have extensively used the investor-state dispute settlement (ISDS) provisions of these treaties. They have initiated around 130 disputes, over 20% of all known cases, making it the most frequent home state of the investor. The US has never lost an ISDS litigation.

On the other hand Canadian investors have initiated about 35 disputes and Canada has been the second most frequent target among developed states (5th globally).

(October 2015)

Latin America Herald Tribune | 8-Dec-2017
Rusoro Mining Ltd. has announced that it has obtained a judgment against the Republic of Venezuela in the Superior Court of Justice in Ontario, Canada, of over US$1.3 billion.
Romandie | 7-Dec-2017
L’Equateur va verser une indemnisation de 337 millions de dollars à la compagnie pétrolière américaine Burlington, filiale de ConocoPhillips, afin de régler un litige vieux de dix ans.
La República | 6-Dec-2017
El Centro Internacional de Arreglo de Diferencias relativas a Inversiones (Ciadi) notificó hoy al país su laudo jurisdiccional en torno al caso de la mina Crucitas, que se encuentra en arbitraje internacional e involucra a un grupo inversor canadiense.
Conflictos Mineros | 6-Dec-2017
El pasado 2 de diciembre se hizo pública la resolución del tribunal arbitral que veía la demanda de la empresa canadiense Bear Creek, en contra del Estado peruano.
Diario Correo | 5-Dec-2017
El desarrollo del proyecto de plata Santa Ana, ubicado en Puno, fue detenido por un Decreto Supremo en el 2011. Tres años después, la empresa ha ganado el fallo ante el Ciadi.
The Financial | 4-Dec-2017
Under the terms of the agreement, ConocoPhillips will recover a total of $337 million from Ecuador.
Mining Weekly | 4-Dec-2017
The arbitrators agreed with the company that Peru had breached its obligations to the company under the Canada-Peru Free Trade Agreement when it expropriated the company’s Santa Ana silver project, in 2011.
Latin America Herald Tribune | 30-Nov-2017
The Koch Brothers have filed suit in Federal District Court in Washington, D.C., to collect a $409 million ICSID award against Venezuela.
Regards | 28-Nov-2017
Le CETA, comme tous les traités de libre-échange nouvelle génération, échappe au débat public et à tout processus démocratique. En jeu : la capacité à mener des politiques publiques soucieuses de protection sociale et environnementale.
El Economista | 28-Nov-2017
La posición fue manifestada en la quinta ronda; el país vecino no solo busca sacar este mecanismo del TLCAN sino de todos sus TLC.

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